We all have either experienced or seen someone experience nose bleeding. It can be traumatic, dramatic, and even frightening at times. However, most of the time, nose bleeding is not serious and can be handled pretty easily. Still, when one sees a stream of blood trickling down a person’s nose for no apparent reason times, one does get scared. So, what is nose bleeding?
What is nose bleeding?
Simply put, oozing of blood from a person’s nasal cavity is termed as nose bleeding. It is a common occurrence and can be observed pretty normally. There are two types of nose bleeding. These are classified on the origin of the blood flow. On this classification, the types of nose bleeding are
- Anterior nose bleeding
- Posterior nose bleeding
Anterior nose bleeding – anterior nose bleeding is the more common one. In 90% of all the cases of nose bleeding, it is anterior nose bleeding. In it, the source of bleeding is a vessel located in the very foremost portion of the nose. It is more common and easy to control by simple measures.
Posterior nose bleeding – posterior nose bleeding is a rare condition. It is usually seen in older people. In it the source of bleeding is a vessel located in the hind part of the nose. These types of nose bleeds are a bit hassling because of the location of the vessel. In such a case one has to be usually admitted to a hospital.
It has been observed that nose bleeds are more frequent during the winters and cold, dry climates. Nose bleeds can be seen in people from all ages but it is more frequent in children and old people.
What causes nose bleeding?
- Usually, an impact to the nose can cause a nose bleed. An impact to the outer side of the nose, trauma to the face, or repeated itching and irritation in the nose can lead to a bleeding nose.
- However, there are a few medical conditions that promote nose bleeding. If one has a condition in which his blood does not clot, then nose bleeding will be very difficult to stop.
- Various diseases of the liver also promote nose bleeding.
- The presence of some abnormality in the blood vessels may lead to nose bleeding.
- Cancerous growth in the nose is one of the rarest causes of nose bleeding.
- High blood pressure can also contribute to nose bleeding.
What are the symptoms of nose bleeding?
Usually, the bleeding occurs on only one side of the nose. However, if there is severe and profuse bleeding, then bleeding can occur in both of the nostrils. In certain severe cases, blood can trip back down into the stomach of a person.
- Feeling light, feeling giddy and other signs of excessive blood loss.
- Light-headedness, fainting, or losing consciousness.
- The occurrence of bleeding from other parts of the body such as teeth, or in urine or bowel.
- The inability of the blood to clot may be one of the early symptoms of nose bleeding.